Single-Phase Induction Motors
The single-phase motor operates under the same principle as the polyphase engine, except that the rotating magnetic field effect produced by the stator will not exist until running rpm is reached. Since no beginning torque is available, a design mechanism is included to start the motor. These are the various designations:

Torque-Speed Curves of Different Single-Phase Induction Motors

Shaded-pole: Have only 1 main winding and no begin winding. This configuration causes a shift of the used magnetic field in romantic relationship to the rotor, creating stating torque. Applications include enthusiasts and small appliances.

Split-Phase (induction start motor)
Has two pieces of stator windings. The “start” windings sit 90 degrees to the “run” windings and shift the magnetic field of the stator, inducing starting torque. Applications include little grinders, small fans, and blowers.

Capacitor-Start
The most typical single-phase motor found in industrial applications. It is a modified sprockets split-stage electric motor with a capacitor in series with the beginning winding to supply a start boost. Application include small conveyors, large blowers, pumps, and direct-drives.

Permanent-Split-Capacitor (PSC)
Uses identical main and auxiliary windings with a capacitor to supply starting torque. They will be the most reliable single-phase electric motor because no centrifugal beginning switch is necessary. Applications include followers and pumps in HVAC and refrigeration industries.